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2016七年级英语上册重要知识点汇总外研版_图文


2016 七年级英语上册重要知识点汇总 ( 外 研版 )
1. Sit down 2. on duty 3. in English 4. have a seat 5. at home 6. look like 7. look at 8. have a look 9. come on 10. at work 11. at school12. put on 13. look after14. get up 15. go shopping 1. help sb. do sth. 2. What about…? 3. Let’s do sth. 4. It’s time to do sth. 5. It’s time for … 6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s… 7. Where is…? It’s…. 8. How old are you? I’m…. 9. What class are you in? I’m in…. 10. Welcome to…. 11. What’s …plus…? It’s…. 12. I think… 13. Who’s this? This is…. 14. What can you see ? I can see…. 15. There is (are) …. 16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)… 17. Whose …is this? It’s…. 18. What time is it? It’s…. 之 交 际 用 语 1. Good morning, Miss/Mr…. 2. Hello! Hi! 3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too. 4. How are you? I’m fine, thank you/thanks. And you? 5. See you. See you later. 6. Thank you! You’re welcome. 7. Goodbye! Bye! 8. What’s your name? My name is …. 9. Here you are. This way, please. 10. Who’s on duty today? 11. Let’s do. 12. Let me see. 1. in/on 在 表 示 空 间 位 置 时 , in 表 示 在 某 个 空 间 的 范 围 以 内 , on 表 示 在 某 一 个 物 体 的 表 面 之 上 。 例 如 :
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There is a bird in the tree. 树 上 有 只 鸟 。 There is a picture on the wall. 墙 上 有 张 图 。 2. this/that/these/those (1)this 常 常 用 来 指 在 时 间 、 地 点 上 更 接 近 讲 话 人 的 人 和 事 , these 是 this 的 复 数 形 式 。 that 常 常 用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人 和 事 , those 时 that 的 复 数 形 式 。 例 如 : You look
in this box and I’ll look in that one over there. 你 看 看 这 个 盒 子 , 我 去 看 那 边 的 那 个 盒 子 。 I want this car, not that car. 我 想 要 这 辆 小 汽 车 , 不 是 那 一 辆 。 Take these books to his room, please. 请 把 这 些 书 拿 到 他 房 间 去 。 This is mine; that’s yours. 这 个 是 我 的 , 那 个 是 你 的 。 These are apples; those are oranges. 这 些 是 苹 果 , 那 些 是 橘 子 。 (2) 在 打 电 话 的 用 语 中 , this 常 常 指 的 是 我 , that 常 常 指 的 是 对 方 。 例 如 : This is Mary speaking. Who’s that? 我 是 玛 丽 。 你 是 谁 ? 3. There be/ have There be " 有 " , 其 确 切 含 意 为 " 某处或某时存在某人或某物。 " 其结构是: There be + 某 人 或 某 物 + 表 示 地 点 或 时 间 的 状 语 。 There be 后 面 的 名 词 实 际 上 是 主 语 , be 动 词 的 形 式 要 和 主 语 在 数 上 保 持 一 致 , be 动 词 后 面
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的 名 词 是 单 数 或 不 可 数 名 词 时 用 is , 名 词 是 复

数 时 用 are 。 例 如 : (1) There is a big bottle of coke on the

table. 桌 上 有 一 大 瓶 子 可 乐 。 (2) There is a doll in the

box. 那 个 盒 子 里 有 个 娃 娃 。 (3) There are many apples

on the tree. 那 树 上 有 许 多 苹 果 。

总 之 , There be

结 构 强 调 的 是 一 种 客 观 存 在 的 " 有 " 。 have 表

示 " 拥 有 , 占 有 , 具 有 " , 即 : 某 人 有 某 物 (sb.

have / has sth.) 。 主 语 一 般 是 名 词 或 代 词 , 与 主 语

是 所 属 关 系 。 例 如 : (4) I have two brothers and one

sister. 我 有 两 个 兄 弟 , 一 个 姐 姐 。 (5) That house has

four rooms. 那 所 房 子 有 四 个 房 间 。 4. look/ see/

watch (1)look 表 示 “ 看 、 瞧 ” , 着 重 指 认 真 看 , 强

调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一定

看 到 , 以 提 醒 对 方 注 意 。, 如 : Look! The children are

playing computer games. 瞧 ! 孩 子 们 在 玩 电 脑 游 戏 。

Look! What’s that over there? 看 ! 那 边 那 个 是 什 么 ?

单独使用是不及物动词,如强调看某人 / 物,

其 后 接 介 词 at , 才 能 带 宾 语 , 如 : He’s looking at

me 。 他 正 在 看 着 我 。 (2)see 强 调 “ 看 ” 的 结 果 ,

着 重 的 是 look 这 个 动 作 的 结 果 , 意 思 是 “ 看
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到 ” , see 是 及 物 动 词 , 后 面 能 直 接 跟 宾 语 。 如 : What can you see in the picture? 你 能 在 图 上 看 到 什 么 ? Look at the blackboard. What did you see on it? 看 黑 板 ! 你 看 到 了 什 么 ? (3)watch“ 观 看 , 注 视 ” , 侧 重 于场面,表示全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某 事务的活动,强调过程,常用于“看电视、看 足 球 、 看 演 出 ” 等 。 如 : Yesterday we watched a football match on TV. 昨 天 我 们 从 电 视 上 看 了 一 场 足 球 比 赛 。 4. put on/ / in put on 意 为 “ 穿 上 , 戴 上 ” 。 主要指“穿上”这一动作, 后面接表示服装、 鞋 帽 的 名 词 。 in 是 介 词 , 表 示 “ 穿 着 ” 强 调 状态。在句中可以做定语、标语和状语。如: It’s cold outside, put on your coat. 外 面 冷 , 穿 上 你 的 外 衣 。 He puts on his hat and goes out. 他 戴 上 帽 子 , 走 了 出 去 。 The woman in a white blouse is John’s mother. 穿 白 色 衬 衣 的 那 个 妇 女 是 John 的 妈 妈 。 5. house/ home/family house : “ 房 子 ” , 指 居 住 的 建 筑 物 ; Home: “ 家 ” , 指 一 个 人 同 家 人 共 同 经 常 居 住 的 地 方 ; Family: “ 家 庭 “ , “ 家 庭 成 员 ” 。 例 如 : Please come to my house this afternoon. 今 天 下 午 请 到 我 家
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来 。 He is not at home. 他 不 在 家 。 My family all get up

early. 我 们 全 家 都 起 得 很 早 。 6. fine, nice, good, well

四者都可用作形容词表示 " 好 " 之意,但前三

者既可作表语又可作定语,而后者仅用作表

语 。 主 要 区 别 在 于 : (1) fine 指 物 时 表 示 的 是 质

量上的 " 精细 " ,形容人时表示的是 " 身体健

康 " ,也

可以用来指 " 天气晴朗 " 。例如:

Your parents are very fine. 你 父 母 身 体 很 健 康 。 That's a

fine machine. 那 是 一 台 很 好 的 机 器 。 It's a fine day for

a walk today. 今 天 是 散 步 的 好 时 候 。 (2)nice 主 要 侧

重于人或物的外表,有 " 美好 " , " 漂亮 " 的

意 思 , 也 可 用 于 问 候 或 赞 扬 别 人 。 例 如 : Lucy

looks nice. 露 西 看 上 去 很 漂 亮 。 These coats are very

nice. 那 些 裙 子 很 好 看 。 Nice to meet you. 见 到 你 很

高 兴 。 It's very nice of you. 你 真 好 。 (3)good 形 容 人

时指 " 品德好 " ,形容物时指 " 质量好 " ,是

表示人或物各方面都好的普通用语。例如:

Her son is a good student. 她 儿 子 是 一 个 好 学 生 。 The

red car is very good. 那 辆 红 色 小 汽 车 很 好 。 (4)well

只可用来形容人的 " 身体好 " ,但不能作定
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语,它也能用作副词作状语,多放在所修饰的 动 词 之 后 。 例 如 : I'm very well, thanks. 我 身 体 很 好 , 谢 谢 。 My friends sing well. 我 的 朋 友 们 歌 唱 得 好 。 1. (2004 年 北 京 市 中 考 试 题 ) Mary, please show ________ your picture. A. my B. mine C. I D. me 2. (2004 年 上 海 市 徐 汇 区 中 考 试 题 ) _________ orange on the desk is for you, Mike. A. A B.An C. / D. The 3. (2004 年 哈 尔 滨 市 中 考 试 题 ) ---What _______ the number of the girls in your class? ---About twenty. A. is B. am C. are D. be 4. (2004 年 陕 西 省 中 考 试 题 ) There _______ a football match on TV this evening A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have 一 . 单 项 填 空 1. ---What colour is the bike? ---It’s _______ orange. A. an B. a C. / D. the 2. That isn’t her bag. It’s ________. A. my B. I C. mine D. me 3. ---Oh, your kite is very nice. ---___________. A. That’s right B. No, it’s not nice C. Yes, it is D. Thank you 4. The woman is sixty, but she _______ young. A. is B. sees C. looks D. watches 5. It’s time ________ lunch. Let’s go home. A. to B. in C. for D. on 6. ---________ is your coat? ---The black one. A. What B. Where C. Which D. How 7. ---________ is the toy?--It’s on the bed. A. Who B. Where C. What D. Whose 8. The shoes are too old. Put ________ over there. A.
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it B. they C. their D. them 9. Excuse me. Can you _______ my watch, please? A. look B. look like C. look after D. look at 10. Look _______ the blackboard and listen _______ the teacher. A. / / B. at; to C. after; / D. on; after 11. ---Whose dress is this?--It’s _________. A. Lucy B. Lucy’s C. Jim D. Jim’s 12. The girl ______ the purple coat is his sister. A. at B. in C. on D. with 13. There is a bird ______ the tree. A. in B. on C. to D. of 14. There are many ________ in our school. A. woman teachers B. woman teacher C. women teacher D. women teachers 15. ---Is there a ball under the desk? ---______________________. A. Yes, it is B. Yes, there C. No, there isn’t D. No, there is 16. There _______ some books and a pencil on the desk 。 A. am B. is C. are D. be 17. ---Let me help you. ---_________. A. You’re welcome B. Thanks very much C. Don’t worry D. Yes, thanks 18. ______ old man is ______ English teacher. A. The; an B. An; an C. The; the D. A; a 19. ---What _____ five plus six? ---It’s eleven. A. am B. is C. are D. / 20. ---What ______ you see in the picture? --I can see some flowers. A. must B. can C. are D. do This is a picture of Kat’s ____1____. What can we ____2_____ in the picture? Look ____3____ it, please. The man ____4____ the black coat is Kate’s father, Mr. Green. The ____5____ in the red sweater is Mrs.
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Green. They ____6____ young. The baby is Kate. The little boy is Kate’s ____7_____, Jim. ___8____ the man behind Mrs. Green? Oh, he’s ____9___ brother, Mr. Read. He ____10____ young, too. 1. A. families B. family C. parents D. brothers 2. A. look B. do C. see D.put 3. A. at B. after C. for D. up 4. A. on B. of C. in D. to 5. A. man B. girl C. women D. woman 6. A. are B. is C. look like D. looking 7. A. sister B. brother C. father D. aunt 8. A. What’s B. Where’s C. Who’s D. How is 9. A. his B. her C. our D. their 10. A. looks B. am C. look D. very 三 . 在 B 栏 中 找 出 A 栏 英 语 句 子 的 正 确 答 语 (A) (B) 1. How are you? A. I am in Row 6. 2. Can you spell it, please? B. Fine, thank you. 3. How do you do? C. Yes, b-o-o-k, book. 4. What row are you in? D. It is ten. 5. What’s two plus eight? E. Nice to meet you, too. 6. Nice to meet you. F. I am 14. 7. How old are you? G. Wang Ping is. 8. Who’s not here? H. It’s here. 9. Where is the bag? I. It’s a book. 10. What is this in English? J. How do you do? 四 . 完 成 对 话 : 在 对 话 后 面 的 句 子 中 选 出 正 确 的 填 入 空 白 处 Jim: Excuse me, Ann. Whose black dog is this? Is it yours? Ann: Let me have a look.________1_______. I think it’s Sam’s. My dog is brown. Jim: Sam, look at the dog behind the tree.________2__________? Sam: Sorry,
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it isn’t mine. My dog is black and white. I think it looks like Mary’s. Jim: _____________3______________? Sam: She’s my friend. Look! She’s over there. Let’s go and ask her. Jim: _______________4_______________. Sam: Hi, Mary! Is that dog yours? Mary: _______________5_______________. Sam: It’s a lovely dog! Don’t lose it! Mary: Yes, thank you. A. Who’s Mary B. OK, let’s go C. Oh, no it’s not mine D. Oh, yes. It’s mine E. Is it yours 五 . 用 所 给 单 词 的 适 当 形 式 填 空 1. ________ (He) pen is in ______ (I) pencil-box. 2. ________ (You) shoes ________ (be) under the bed. 3. ________ (Who) new ruler is this? 4. ---Are these trousers _______ (you)? ---No, they aren’t ________ (we) 5. It’s time ________ (go) and play games. 6. This is my pen. Please give it to ________ (I). 7. I have two ________ (baby). 8. Look! That is a ________ (China) car. 9. It is __________ (my teacher) sweater. 10. Now her ________ ( parent) are in America. 六 . 阅 读 理 解 (A) Bob was born in a big and rich family. His father is a university professor. He teaches American history. His mother is a very capable woman. She is the manager of a big company. She earns a lot of money, of course. Bob has two sisters and a brother. His elder sister, Jenny, is fourteen. She studies in a middle school. His younger sister, Ann, is
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ten. She studies in a private primary school. She has a very good memory. She is clever. His younger brother, Dick, is only six. He has just started going to school. Bob gets on well with his family. He is on good terms not only with his parents, but also with his sisters and brother. (have a friendly relationship with sb.) He is, in a word, an apple in their eyes. 根 据 短 文 的 内 容 , 判 断 下 列 句 子 的 正 误 : 正 确 地 答 “A” , 错 误 的 答 “B” 。 1. Bob was born in a small and rich family. 2. He has two brothers and a sister. 3. There are five people in his family. 4. Dick is only six. He studies in a private primary school. 5. “He is an apple in their eyes” means “They love him very much”. (B) Look at the clothes line in the twins' bedroom. There are some clothes on it. You can see a green blouse and a yellow skirt. The trousers on the clothes line are black. They are not new but clean. Are they Lily's clothes? No. I know they are Lucy's. Lily's clothes are on a clothes tree near the window. Her trousers are brown, her blouse is white and her skirt is blue. There is a new hat on the clothes tree, but it's not Lily's, it's Lucy's. There is an old hat on Lucy's bed in the room, it's Lily's. There are no clothes on the other bed, the bed is Lily's. 1. What can you see in the bedroom? I can see __________. A. a clothes
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line B. a tree C. a bed 2. What colour are Lucy's trousers? They are ________. A. green B. black C. brown 3. Where is Lucy's hat? It's on _________. A. the clothes tree B. the clothes line C. lily's bed 4. How many beds are there in the room? ________. A. only one B. three C. two 5. Are there any things on Lily's bed? ________. A. Yes, there is a hat on it B. No, there is not anything on C. Sorry, I don't know (C) It's a fine Sunday morning. Ann and her mother are in a big bus. There are many people in it. Some of them come from America, and some come from England and Canada. They are all their friends. They are going to the Great Wall. There are two Chinese in the bus. One is woman. She is driving the bus. The other is a young man. He speaks good English. He is now talking about the Great Wall. The other people are all listening to him. They like the Great Wall. They want to see it very much. 1. Ann and mother are going to the Great Wall __________ A. by bike B. by car C. by plane D. by bus 2. There are __________. A. only one Chinese in the bus B. only two Chinese in the bus C. only two Chinese on the bike D. only one Chinese in the car 3. The driver is __________ A. a man B. a woman C. a Canadian D. an American 4. The people __________. A. are singing B. are talking C. are listening D. are looking at the wall 5. They __________. A. can
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see the Great Wall B. can speak English very well. C. want to talk with the man very much D. want to see the Great Wall very much
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