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人教版高中英语必修五Unit2TheUnitedKingdom巩固练习话题语言应用——英国概况


高中英语学习材料

(灿若寒星*制作整理)

巩固练习 一、单项选择

1. Forty-two ________ six makes seven.

A. divided

B. is divided

C. divided by D. is divided by

2. She felt rather _______that she should have driven the car at such a _______ speed.

A. frightening, frightening

B. frightened, frightened

C. frightening, frightened

D. frightened, frightening

3. The girl glanced over her shoulder and found herself ________ by a young man in black.

A. was followed

B. followed

C. following D. had been followed

4. It is hoped that this project _________ by the end of next year will be a popular tourist

attraction of the city.

A. being accomplished B. accomplished C. will be accomplished D. to be accomplished

5. In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.

A. sticking

B. stuck

C. to be stuck

D. to have stuck

6. A quarrel _________, which made him ________ his family.

A. was broken out; break away

B. broke out; break away from

C. was broken away; break down

D. broke down; break out

7. We were all _______ to receive your letter and had read it ________ delight.

A. delight; in

B. delighting; in

C. delighting; with

D. delighted; in

8. Can we _________ a dictionary if we don’t understand a word while reading?

A. refer to

B. ask for C. point to

D. look up

9. Life in London has so many ________ —nightclubs, good restaurants and so on.

A. collections B. attractions

C. instructions

D. expressions

10. —Ms Wang is seriously ill. What about her class?

—Never mind. I will teach you English this term ________ her.

A. take the place of

B. take place C. instead D. in place of

11. Harry was made _______ the car for a week for a punishment.

A. to wash

B. washing C. wash

D. to be washing

12. The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already _______ for a meal to be cooked.

A. laid

B. laying

C. to lay

D. being laid

13. She is in _________ with her employers over sick pay.

A. competition

B. composition

C. conflict

D. confirm

14. As for the incident, he only told us the main facts, ________ most of the detail.

A. putting out

B. taking out

C. bringing out

15. The medical team is _________ three doctors and a nurse.

A. made up of

B. made of

C. consisted of

D. leaving out D. consisting of

二、完形填空

阅读短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。

A water bearer in India had two large pots.One of the pots had a crack in it, 1 the other

pot was perfect and always full of water at the end of the long walk from the stream to the

master’s house,the 2 pot arrived only half full.

For two years this went on daily,with the bearer delivering only one and a half pots of

water.Of course,the perfect pot 3 pride in its accomplishments, 4 the poor cracked

pot was ashamed of its own 5 ,and very sad about the only half of what it had been made to

do.

After two years it spoke to the water bearer one day,“I am 6 of myself,and I want to

7 to you.”

“Why?”asked the bearer.“What are you ashamed of?”

“I deliver only half my load because this crack in my side causes water to 8 all the

way back to your master’s house.Because of my flaw(瑕疵),you don’t get full 9 from your

efforts,”the pot said.

The water bearer felt 10 for the old cracked pot,and he said,“As we return to the

master’s house,I want you to 11 the beautiful flowers along the path.”The old cracked pot

took notice of the beautiful 12 flowers on the side of the path.But again it apologized to the

bearer for its failure.

The bearer said to the pot,“Did you notice that there were flowers only on the side of the

cracked pot,but 13 on the other pot’s side? That’s because I have already known about your

flaw,and I 14 advantage of it.I planted flower seeds on your side of the path,and you’ve

watered them.For two years I have been able to 15 these beautiful flowers to decorate my

master’s table. 16 your work,he would not have this beauty to his house.”

In a word,we each have our own unique 17 .But it’s the cracks and flaws we each have

that make our 18 so interesting and rewarding.Don’t be ashamed of your flaws.You can do

what others can’t,adding 19 to the world.The world looks beautiful only because it is made

up of 20 things.

1.A.when

B.as

C.while

D.since

2.A.perfect

B.finished

C.small

D.cracked

3.A.made

B.took

C.did

D.found

4.A.and

B.so

C.then

D.but

5.A.impossibility B.disability

C.imperfection D.ugliness

6.A.blessed 7.A.tell 8.A.clean up 9.A.water 10.A.happy 11.A.notice 12.A.thirsty 13.A.also 14.A.got 15.A.pick 16.A.Without 17.A.views 18.A.tables 19.A.wealth 20.A.cracked

B.ashamed B.apologize B.turn out B.money B.interested B.see B.wild B.even B.performed B.grow B.With B.flaws B.houses B.beauty B.good

C.proud C.thank C.flow out C.work C.sorry C.observe C.dying C.not C.took C.wash C.For C.work C.lives C.load C.perfect

D.tired D.talk D.run out D.value D.depressed D.watch D.small D.still D.made D.clean D.Except D.friends D.roads D.safety D.different

三、阅读理解 阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项。 ①A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone,the generic term for a low pressure system that
generally forms in the tropics. Hurricanes can cause catastrophic damage to coastlines and several hundred miles
inland.Winds can exceed 155 miles per hour.Hurricanes can also produce tornadoes,create storm surges along the coast,and cause extensive damage from heavy rainfall.
②Hurricanes are classified into five categories based on their wind speed,central pressure, and damage potential (Click here to see chart).Category Three and higher hurricanes are considered major hurricanes,though Categories One and Two are still extremely dangerous and deserve your full attention.
To prepare for a hurricane.you should take the following measures: ?Make plans to secure your property.Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows.A second option is to board up windows with plywood(合板),cut to fit and ready to install.Tape does not prevent windows from breaking. ?Be sure trees and shrubs around your home are well trimmed(修剪). ?Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and downspouts. ?Determine how and where to secure your boat. ?Consider building a safe room. If a hurricane is likely in your area,you should: ?Listen to the radio or TV for information.

?Secure your home,close storm shutters,and secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors.

You should evacuate under the following conditions:

?If you are directed by local authorities to do so.Be sure to follow their instructions.

?If you live in a mobile home or temporary structure—such shelters are particularly

hazardous during hurricanes no matter how well fastened to the ground.

?If you live in a high-rise building—hurricane winds are stronger at higher elevations.

If you are unable to evacuate,go to your safe room. If you do not have one,follow these

guidelines:

? Stay indoors during the hurricane and away from windows and glass doors.

?Close all interior doors—secure and brace external doors.

?Lie on the floor under a table or another sturdy object.

1.What information isn’t included in the first three paragraphs?

A.The definition of a hurricane.

B.The birthplace of a hurricane.

C.The damage of a hurricane.

D.The type of a hurricane.

2.What should you do to prepare for a hurricane?

A.To use tape to prevent windows from breaking.

B.To take shelter in a temporary structure.

C.To cut away the unnecessary tree branches.

D.To keep using the phone for information.

3.The underlined word“hazardous” in the text may mean“________”.

A.spacious B.comfortable C.poisonous D.dangerous

4.Where can you most likely read the passage?

A.In a website.

B.In a personal diary.

C.In a newspaper. D.In a textbook.

四、书面表达 假如你是李华。你的美国笔友 Harry 要和家人来西安旅游,希望你能做他们的导游,给
他们介绍一下这座城市。请根据以下表格提示写一篇简短的导游词:

地理位置 历史 现状

陕西省省会,位于中国西北部 十三朝古都;过去被称为“长安”,是“丝绸之路”(the Silk Road)的起点; 拥有很多自然及文化遗址,如秦始皇兵马俑(the Terracotta Warriors)、大雁塔 (Dayan Pagoda)等。 西部大开发(the West Development Drive)后,成了中国西北地区的经济、科 技、教育中心。

注意: 1. 词数:100 左右(文章的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数); 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
答案与解析 一、单项选择 1. C。divided by 除以。此句中 divide 用过去分词作定语修饰主语 Forty-two。句意:42 除以
6 等于 7。 2. D。frighten 是及物动词,意为“使某人恐惧”。其过去分词表示人的内心感觉,而-ing 形
式表示事物的性质,因此第一空填过去分词作表语,第二空填-ing 形式表示速度是可 怕的。句意:她感到相当恐惧,她竟然以那么可怕的速度开车。 3. B。宾语 herself 与动词 follow 是被动关系,因此用 followed 做宾语补足语。注意 herself 不能作主语,因此排除 A 和 D 两个谓语形式,found 后面接的不是宾语从句。 4. D。根据时间 by the end of next year,这项工程将要完成,所以用不定式作定语表示将来; project 与 accomplish 之间是动宾关系,所以用不定式的被动式,表示“要被完成”。 句意:人们希望明年年底要完成的工程会是一个本市大众化旅游景点。 5. B。remain 是系动词,表示“仍然是”,后接 stick(卡住、困住)的过去分词 stuck 作表语, 表示状态,因为 holidaymakers 与 stick 是被动关系。remain to be done 表示将来。句 意:四月,成千上万的度假者由于受到火山灰影响而滞留国外。 6. B。break out 爆发,突然发生;break away from 与.......脱离关系。注意 break out 不用被 动语态。 7. D。be delighted to do sth. 很高兴做某事;in delight 高兴地。 8. A。refer to 参考,查阅;提到。look up 表示“查词典”时要用 look sth. up in a dictionary。 ask for 要求;point to 指向。 9. B。attractions 此处指“吸引人的事物”,符合题意。collection 收集品;instruction 指导, 指令; expression 表达,表情。 10. D。因为句子有谓语动词 teach,用介词短语 in place of(代替)及其宾语 her 一起作状语。
take the place of(代替)是动词短语,用作谓语。instead 必须加 of 才能接宾语。 11. A。注意句子是被动句。make sb. do sth. 意为“使某人做某事”,变成被动句后 do 前省
略的 to 要加上。Harry 与其补足语 wash 是主动关系,因此选 A。 12. A。with 的宾语 table 与 lay(放置)是被动关系,而且从 already 可知 lay 的动作已经完
成,所以用过去分词作宾语补足语。句意:起居室既干净又整洁,用来放要做的饭 菜的餐桌已经摆好了。 13. C。in conflict with sb. 与某人发生冲突。competition 竞争,竞赛;composition 作文; confirm 是动词,意为“确定,证实”。 14. D。leave out 遗漏。put out 伸出;take out 拿出;bring out 带出来。句意:至于这件事, 他只告诉我们主要的事实,省去了大部分细节。

15. A。be made up of= consist of 由......组成,但是 consist of 一般不用进行时和被动语态。
二、完形填空 由挑水工人和有缝隙的水罐的对话可知世界之所以美丽,正是因为它包含了各种不同的
事物。 1.C。while 在此表示对比,意为“而”。 2.D。通过前面的“… always full of water at the end of the long walk from the stream to the
master’s house”与后面的对比可知应该选 D 项。 3.B。take pride in…意为“为……而骄傲”,等于 be proud of… 4.D。前句写了好水罐的感受,下句写坏水罐的完全不同的感受,所以此处应为转折关系,
选 but。 5.C。根据前面的句意可知此处应该填 imperfection(不完美,缺憾)。前面曾用 perfect 形容
那只没有缝隙的水罐。 6.B。根据下一段可知,应该填 ashamed。 7.B。由前面“I am ashamed of myself…”可知,此处应为“向你道歉”。 8.C。clean up“打扫干净”;turn out“结果是……,生产”;flow out“流出”;run out“用
完,失效”。根据句意应该选 C。 9.D。此句意为“由于我的不足,你的努力没有得到充分的回报”。选 value 符合题意。 10.C。根据上下文可以推断出应该是挑水工人为 the cracked pot 感到遗憾,所以选 C。 11.A。从下句“The old cracked pot took notice of the beautiful…”可知此处应选动词 notice。 12.B。花长在路边,所以应该为野花,选 wild 符合语境。 13.C。挑水工挑着两个水罐,只有路的一边有花,另一边没有。根据上下文,应填 not。 14.C。take advantage of...是固定搭配,意为“利用……”。 15.A。摘花去装饰桌子,所以选 pick. 16.A。根据后面的“...he would not have this beauty...”可以推断此处应该选 Without。 17.B。根据后面的“But it’s the cracks (裂缝) and flaws (裂纹,瑕疵) we each have...”可推
断此空应该填 cracks 或 flaws。从所给的四个选项可知选 B。 18.C。这句话的意思为“但正是这些瑕疵,才让我们的生活如此有趣,并且富有回报”。 19.B。根据后面的“The world looks beautiful ...”可知应该选 beauty. 20.D。本句意思为“世界之所以美丽,正因为它包含有各种不同的事物”。
三、阅读理解 本文首先对飓风进行了解释,指出它是一种热带气旋。同时对于如何防御飓风给出了一
些具体的措施,如对房屋等要采取加固措施,修剪树木,收听飓风信息以及提前撤离飓风要 袭击的地方等。短文中有些生词,但是不影响做题,因此不需担心。 1.B。细节判断题。文章的前三段对于飓风的定义,它的危害以及类型进行了解释,但是
没有关于它的诞生地的介绍,所以选 B。

2.C。 细节判断题。结合文章中的“Be sure trees and shrubs around your home are well trimmed.”可知是要把一些树枝剪掉,所以选 C。
3.D。词义猜测题。根据文章中的“If you live in a mobile home or temporary structure…”可 知那些移动的房屋和临时性的屋子在飓风来临时,是具有很大的危险性的,所以选 D。
4.A。文章出处题。从文章第三段的“Click here to see chart”可知是从网站上可以看到这 篇文章。
四、书面表达 Xi’an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, located in northwestern China. It has a glorious
history because it used to be the capital of thirteen Chinese dynasties. In ancient times it was called Chang’an and was the starting point of the Silk Road.
Xi’an, a city with a long and proud history, has a large number of natural and cultural sites, such as the terra-cotta warriors, Dayan Pagoda and so on. After benefiting from the West Development Drive, Xi’an has gained more attention. Xi’an is now the economic, cultural and educational center of northwestern China.



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